Varicose veins are swollen, bulging and twisted blue veins which are mainly caused due to raised pressure inside your veins as a result of leaking of valves. Factors such as hormonal changes, obesity, lack of physical activity, and pregnancy may increase the risk of varicose veins.

Clinical examination of the limbs is invaluable. A special ultrasound called Doppler Ultrasound is used to map the affected veins and to look for complications like deep vein thrombosis.

How are varicose veins treated?

Lifestyle changes

Certain changes in life style may help you control symptoms & progression of disease. These include:

  • You can lose weight if you are obese
  • Tight clothes which may hinder circulation should be avoided
  • You can perform physical activity which increases blood circulation on a regular basis
  • High-heels must be avoided as they put pressure on the calf muscles while walking which may hinder blood circulation
  • Wear Compression Garments


Sclerotherapy is considered the best treatment for smaller spider and reticular veins. In this procedure an irritant solution is injected into the site of the veins. These veins become swollen and form a scar in a few days which gradually fades away. This therapy is simple quick and safe.


The endovenous method is a minimally invasive procedure which is performed for larger varicose veins. In this procedure a fine tube (catheter) is inserted into the vein till it reaches the affected area. The tube then emits a laser or radiofrequency waves which produce heat and form blood clots in the vessel. This blood vessel gradually shrinks and disappears. It is a quick procedure associated with early return to work.

Check out the animation video of radiofrequency ablation by clicking on videos in the 'resources' tab on home page